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Access the most relevant reports on climate change organized by world, European or Spanish level.

03/20/24
Analysis of the verification reports of the statement of non-financial information issued in the years 2018 to 2022 and other aspects of the verification.
The objectives of this document are: to provide an overview of the main verification standards, to carry out a market study for the verification of the NFR, to study the verification standards applied and the level of assurance, to study...
02/27/24
Photovoltaic Yearbook 2023-24.
The study looks at the situation of the sector at global, European and national level. It addresses the situation of the sector at the state level with data such as the historical record of renewable production and the new remuneration...
02/22/24
Support standards for ESG reporting.
The Corporate Sustainability Reporting Directive imposes reporting obligations on organizations that represent an opportunity, but at the same time a workload that presents significant challenges. The need to demonstrate the sustainability of the organization transcends the direct scope of application...
02/20/24
Sustainable financing in Spain
The sustainable finance market continued to grow in 2023 and continues its consolidation process. Green bonds continue to be the benchmark, followed by sustainable bonds, social bonds and finally SLBs, the newest instrument, while issuances continue to be very focused...
02/15/24
Financial Disclosure Observatory
Until recently, it was possible for companies to ignore the impact of their activities on nature, but the cost of ignoring natural hazards is growing rapidly, and, the pieces that could enable this to happen are being rapidly implemented, as...
01/29/24
Minerals for the energy and digital transition in Spain.
This research analyses the mineral consequences of energy and digital transition plans, assessing the impact that different recycling, circular economy and sufficiency measures could have on reducing demand and primary extraction requirements, focusing on 10 groups of metals and six...
01/29/24
Green regulation: a quantification of regulations.
Standards related to renewable energy, sustainable transport, pollution management and energy efficiency measurement are identified. The results show that regulation is diverse by topic, reflects important regional differences, and has increased over time, especially in more recent years. This database...
12/21/23
Employment and ecological transition. Sources of employment, labour transformation and training challenges in sectors related to climate change and biodiversity in Spain. Biodiversity Foundation.
The aim of this study has been to identify the sources of employment, new professional skills and technical and professional skills necessary for the ecological transition process, so that it is possible to effectively address the following two areas from...
10/25/23
Energy Transition and Critical Minerals.
The shift to a decarbonised energy system will boost demand for critical minerals needed for new low-carbon technologies, such as photovoltaic panels or batteries. Depending on the emissions reduction scenario considered in 2040, global demand could multiply by four to...
10/25/23
The CNMV analyses the information provided by listed companies on the European Sustainability Taxonomy.
This is the first year in which issuers have had to provide information on activities aligned with the taxonomy and the data shows that eligibility tends to be higher than alignment and that the highest proportion of alignment is reported...
09/27/23
The challenge of decarbonization in the chemical industry. Notebooks of energy.
The European chemical industry has been one of the first sectors to support the European Green Deal and the objective of reaching climate neutrality by 2050. And, now it’s time to move from the “what” to the “how”. That is,...
07/19/23
Update of the Integrated National Energy and Climate Plan.
The Climate Change Law includes as strategic planning instruments the Integrated National Energy and Climate Plans and the Long-Term Decarbonization Strategy 2050. Thus, the NECP provides the guiding framework of the investment and reform program for a just ecological transition...